Last update: March 19, 2020

Trichomonas vaginalis infection

Very Low Risk for breastfeeding


Safe. Compatible.
Minimal risk for breastfeeding and infant.

An infection caused by the protozoan parasite Trichomonas vaginalis which affects 10 to 25% of women of reproductive age. It is a sexually transmitted disease.

There are anti-protozoal factors in breastmilk that destroy the parasite (May 1984, Gillin 1983).

No transmission of the parasite through breastmilk has been recorded. Maternal disease is not dangerous for a healthy infant (Lawrence 2016 p482).

The disease and its treatment are compatible with breastfeeding (Lawrence 2016 p806, OWH 2015). If a single mega-dose of metronidazole is given, some authors recommend waiting to breastfeed 12 hours after taking the medication. Tinidazole is preferable because of its lower excretion in milk (lower relative dose).


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Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and pharmacists, and are based on updated scientific publications.
It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

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Other names

Trichomonas vaginalis infection is also known as Maternal Trichomoniasis. Here it is a list of alternative known names::


Group

Trichomonas vaginalis infection belongs to this group or family:

References

  1. Lawrence RA, Lawrence RM. Breastfeeding. A guide for the medical profession. Eighth Edition. Philadelphia: Elsevier; 2016
  2. OWH-Oficina para la salud de la mujer. Infecciones de transmisión sexual, embarazo y lactancia materna. Folleto informativo. 2015 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  3. OWH-Office on Women's Health. Sexually Transmitted Infections, Pregnancy, and Breastfeeding. Fact Sheet. 2015 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  4. May JT. Antimicrobial properties and microbial contaminants of breast milk--an update. Aust Paediatr J. 1984 Nov;20(4):265-9. Review. Abstract
  5. Gillin FD, Reiner DS, Wang CS. Human milk kills parasitic intestinal protozoa. Science. 1983 Sep 23;221(4617):1290-2. Abstract

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