Last update: Jan. 6, 2021
Moderately safe. Probably compatible.
Mild risk possible. Follow up recommended.
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Narcotic opioid structurally related to codeine most commonly used for the treatment of cough and pain.
Administered orally every 4 to 6 hours.
The cytochrome P450-2D6 enzyme catalyzes codeine to morphine.
Excreted in clinically insignificant amounts through breast milk (Sauberan 2011, Anderson 2007).
Drowsiness was reported in an infant less than a month old whose mother was taking 120 mg of hydrocodone daily (Bodley 1997) and apnea in a 5-week-old infant whose mother was taking hydrocodone and methadone simultaneously (Meyer 2005).
Discontinue use at the sign of maternal or infant excessive sedation and do not administer if there is prior history of maternal or familiar excessive sedation. From 1% to 29% of people have an accelerated metabolic conversion rate of codeine to morphine due to a genetic excess of the P450-2D6 enzyme.
It is recommended not to exceed doses above 30 mg of hydrocodone a day for the treatment of postpartum pain (Sauberan 2011).
Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and pharmacists, and are based on updated scientific publications.
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