Last update: July 9, 2014


Very Low Risk for breastfeeding

Safe. Compatible.
Not risky for breastfeeding or infant.

No differences have been found neither in duration, weight of newborn, postnatal growth nor abortion rate among pregnant women who decided to continue breastfeeding their children with a new pregnancy.

Less increase in body weight and lower level of hemoglobin, along with other problems, has been shown among women from economically deprived populations. Many of them are old articles that couldn't be replicated. In most instances in industrialized communities, despite it is assume that breastfeeding poses a higher caloric burden is considered to be safe for the pregnancy and the fetus. Some Organizations of Perinatology have openly backed that position.

In cases of history of frequent abortion or premature labor risk, theoretically, it would be recommended to observe if Oxytocin peaks due to suckling are cause of uterine contractions that should indicate to stop breastfeeding temporally.

Historically, breastfeeding has been regard as an contraceptive method. However, whenever not exclusive and beyond the first six-month period (LAM), breastfeeding should not be considered a reliable method for this purpose, nor should be a cause to avoid a new pregnancy.

Possibly because of change in milk taste, higher nipple sensitivity, rejection feelings by the mother to continue breastfeeding, decreased production and spontaneous weaning are factors to stop breastfeeding while pregnancy. Whenever breastfeeding was chosen to be continued, the breast re-starts production of colostrum as delivery time approaches and in the early postpartum.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and pharmacists, and are based on updated scientific publications.
It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

Pregnancy is also known as


Pregnancy belongs to this group or family:


  1. Ayrim A, Gunduz S, Akcal B, Kafali H. Breastfeeding throughout pregnancy in Turkish women. Breastfeed Med. 2014 Abstract
  2. Cetin I, Assandro P, Massari M, Sagone A, Gennaretti R, Donzelli G, Knowles A, Monasta L, Davanzo R; Working Group on Breastfeeding, Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine and Task Force on Breastfeeding, Ministry of Health, Italy. Breastfeeding during pregnancy: position paper of the Italian Society of Perinatal Medicine and the Task Force on Breastfeeding, Ministry of Health, Italy. J Hum Lact. 2014 Abstract
  3. Madarshahian F, Hassanabadi M. A comparative study of breastfeeding during pregnancy: impact on maternal and newborn outcomes. J Nurs Res. 2012 Abstract
  4. Pareja RG, Marquis GS, Penny ME, Dixon PM. A case-control study to examine the association between breastfeeding during late pregnancy and risk of a small-for-gestational-age birth in Lima, Peru. Matern Child Nutr. 2012 Abstract
  5. Comité de Lactancia Materna AEP. Preguntas frecuentes sobre lactancia materna. Folleto. 2012 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  6. Ishii H. Does breastfeeding induce spontaneous abortion? J Obstet Gynaecol Res. 2009 Abstract
  7. HWA - Healthy Western Australia, Department of Health. More about breastfeeding. Health Pamphlet 2009 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  8. Verd S, Moll J, Villalonga B. Miscarriage rate in pregnancy-breastfeeding overlap. Contraception. 2008 Abstract
  9. Marquis GS, Penny ME, Zimmer JP, Díaz JM, Marín RM. An overlap of breastfeeding during late pregnancy is associated with subsequent changes in colostrum composition and morbidity rates among Peruvian infants and their mothers. J Nutr. 2003 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  10. Marquis GS, Penny ME, Diaz JM, Marín RM. Postpartum consequences of an overlap of breastfeeding and pregnancy: reduced breast milk intake and growth during early infancy. Pediatrics. 2002 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  11. Tikka M. [Advice on contraception for new mothers in Finland]. Katilolehti. 1998 Abstract
  12. Siega-Riz AM, Adair LS. Biological determinants of pregnancy weight gain in a Filipino population. Am J Clin Nutr. 1993 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  13. Short RV, Lewis PR, Renfree MB, Shaw G. Contraceptive effects of extended lactational amenorrhoea: beyond the Bellagio Consensus. Lancet. 1991 Abstract
  14. Merchant K, Martorell R, Haas J. Maternal and fetal responses to the stresses of lactation concurrent with pregnancy and of short recuperative intervals. Am J Clin Nutr. 1990 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  15. Chao S. The effect of lactation on ovulation and fertility. Clin Perinatol. 1987 Abstract

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e-lactancia is a resource recommended by IHAN from Spain

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