Last update: Dec. 2, 2014

Penicillin G Procaine

Very Low Risk for breastfeeding


Safe. Compatible.
Not risky for breastfeeding or infant.

At latest update on excretion into breast milk of Penicillin procaine published information was not found.

Mother plasma levels of Penicillin procaine have been shown to be lower than those of Penicillin G. Penicillin G is excreted into breast milk in non-significant amounts without side-effects observed among breastfed infants from treated mothers. Plasma levels in those infants were shown to be low or undetectable.

Penicillin is a broad spectrum antibiotic that is commonly used in Pediatrics and Neonatology with very good tolerance even in premature newborns.

Be aware of false negative results that may be obtained from infants with bacterial cultures when the mother is on antibiotics.

Eleventh WHO's Model List of Essential Drugs 2002: Compatible with breastfeeding.

Alternatives

We do not have alternatives for Penicillin G Procaine since it is relatively safe.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and pharmacists, and are based on updated scientific publications.
It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Group

Penicillin G Procaine belongs to this group or family:

Tradenames

Main tradenames from several countries containing Penicillin G Procaine in its composition:

Pharmacokinetics

Variable Value Unit
Molecular weight 589 daltons
Protein Binding 60 %
Tmax 1 - 4 hours

References

  1. Butler DC, Heller MM, Murase JE. Safety of dermatologic medications in pregnancy and lactation: Part II. Lactation. J Am Acad Dermatol. 2014 Mar;70(3):417.e1-10; quiz 427. Abstract
  2. ASGE Standard of Practice Committee, Shergill AK, Ben-Menachem T, Chandrasekhara V, Chathadi K, Decker GA, Evans JA, Early DS, Fanelli RD, Fisher DA, Foley KQ, Fukami N, Hwang JH, Jain R, Jue TL, Khan KM, Lightdale J, Pasha SF, Sharaf RN, Dominitz JA, Cash BD. Guidelines for endoscopy in pregnant and lactating women. Gastrointest Endosc. 2012 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  3. Nahum GG, Uhl K, Kennedy DL. Antibiotic use in pregnancy and lactation: what is and is not known about teratogenic and toxic risks. Obstet Gynecol. 2006 Abstract
  4. Niebyl JR. Antibiotics and other anti-infective agents in pregnancy and lactation. Am J Perinatol. 2003 Abstract
  5. Bar-Oz B, Bulkowstein M, Benyamini L, Greenberg R, Soriano I, Zimmerman D, Bortnik O, Berkovitch M. Use of antibiotic and analgesic drugs during lactation. Drug Saf. 2003 Abstract
  6. Fulton B, Moore LL. Antiinfectives in breastmilk. Part I: Penicillins and cephalosporins. J Hum Lact. 1992 Abstract
  7. Nau H. Clinical pharmacokinetics in pregnancy and perinatology. II. Penicillins. Dev Pharmacol Ther. 1987 Abstract
  8. Matsuda S. Transfer of antibiotics into maternal milk. Biol Res Pregnancy Perinatol. 1984;5(2):57-60. Abstract
  9. ROZANSKY R, BREZINSKY A. The excretion of penicillin in human milk. J Lab Clin Med. 1949 Abstract
  10. GREENE HJ, BURKHART B, HOBBY GL. Excretion of penicillin in human milk following parturition. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1946 Abstract

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