Last update: Dec. 16, 2018
Not risky for breastfeeding or infant.
A derivative of carbamazepine with a very similar chemical structure and therapeutic action. It is rapidly and extensively metabolised to licarbazepine (MHD), its active metabolite.
It is excreted in breast milk in clinically insignificant amounts (Chen 2017, Lutz 2007, Bulau 1988) and no problems have been observed in infants whose mothers have taken it (Lutz 2007, Tomson 2007, Eisenschenk 2006, Gentile 2003, Bulau 1988). Plasma levels in these infants were very low, less than 5% of maternal plasma levels (Öhman 2009, Lutz 2007).
Carbamazepine (see specific information) is considered compatible with breastfeeding by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP 2001) and thus appears on the list of WHO essential medicines (WHO/UNICEF 2002).
Given the proven benefits of breastfeeding and despite the fact that there is a lack of reports on the safety of oxcarbazepine, several expert authors consider it safe to take during breastfeeding (Uguz 2016, Reimers 2014, Davanzo 2013, Bar-Oz 2000).
Furthermore, as an integral and important part of the experience of motherhood, the American Academy of Neurology and the American Academy of Pediatrics advise that mothers undergoing anti-epileptic treatment can breastfeed (Pack 2006).
Plasma levels of oxcarbazepine and its metabolite MHD decrease slightly during pregnancy and increase significantly in the immediate postpartum period. Therefore, close monitoring of these levels is required to adjust the dosage of the drug (Mazzucchelli 2006)
Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and pharmacists, and are based on updated scientific publications.
It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.
Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.
Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.