Last update: July 12, 2019

Myopia

Very Low Risk for breastfeeding


Safe. Compatible.
Minimal risk for breastfeeding and infant.

It is not based on facts and not true that breastfeeding would cause a harmful effect on neither the child nor the eyes of the mother.

At latest update not a single study was found that would relate myopia to breastfeeding among 110,716 articles that have been collected about myopia or refractive defects at the US National Library of Medicine. In a single study, the authors stated that possible ocular changes occurring in pregnancy may persist within breastfeeding period (Sharma 2006).
So it is an urban legend, which is occasionally disseminated by some professionals, yet by no means based on scientific results.

Prolactin levels are similar in myopic than non-myopic subjects (Angi 1993).

An association between myopia and vitamin D deficiency (Yazar 2014) has been found.

There is a controversy about a possible relationship between pregnancy and childbirth (albeit not breast feeding) with refractive defects and other ocular pathologies (Neri 1985, Manges 1987, Dinn 2003, Sharma 2006, Mehdizadehkashi 2014). On which, whether any change occurs, it disappears soon after childbirth (Pizzarello 2003, Ebeigbe 2012).

Evidence is not consistent on the protective effect of breastfeeding on development of myopia in children (Wu 2019, Liu 2018, Rudnicka 2008, Sham 2010, Shirzadeh 2016).

Any type of myopia is not a contraindication for breastfeeding.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and pharmacists, and are based on updated scientific publications.
It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

References

  1. Wu RK, Liang JH, Zhong H, Li J, Pan CW. The Lack of Association of Breastfeeding and Myopia in Children and Adolescents: Finding from a School-Based Study and a Meta-Analysis of the Literature. Breastfeed Med. 2019 Jul 3. Abstract
  2. Liu S, Ye S, Wang Q, Cao Y, Zhang X. Breastfeeding and myopia: A cross-sectional study of children aged 6-12 years in Tianjin, China. Sci Rep. 2018 Jul 3;8(1):10025. Abstract
  3. Shirzadeh E, Kooshki A, Mohammadi M. The Relationship Between Breastfeeding and Measurements of Refraction and Visual Acuity in Primary School Children. Breastfeed Med. 2016 Abstract
  4. Yazar S, Hewitt AW, Black LJ, McKnight CM, Mountain JA, Sherwin JC, Oddy WH, Coroneo MT, Lucas RM, Mackey DA. Myopia is associated with lower vitamin D status in young adults. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2014 Abstract
  5. Mehdizadehkashi K, Chaichian S, Mehdizadehkashi A, Jafarzadepour E, Tamannaie Z, Moazzami B, Pishgahroudsari M. Visual acuity changes during pregnancy and postpartum: a cross-sectional study in Iran. J Pregnancy. 2014 Abstract
  6. Ebeigbe JA, Ebeigbe PN, Ighoroje A. Ocular changes in pregnant Nigerian women. Niger J Clin Pract. 2012 Abstract
  7. Sham WK, Dirani M, Chong YS, Hornbeak DM, Gazzard G, Li J, Saw SM. Breastfeeding and association with refractive error in young Singapore Chinese children. Eye (Lond). 2010 Abstract
  8. Rudnicka AR, Owen CG, Richards M, Wadsworth ME, Strachan DP. Effect of breastfeeding and sociodemographic factors on visual outcome in childhood and adolescence. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Abstract
  9. Sharma S, Rekha W, Sharma T, Downey G. Refractive issues in pregnancy. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2006 Abstract
  10. Dinn RB, Harris A, Marcus PS. Ocular changes in pregnancy. Obstet Gynecol Surv. 2003 Abstract
  11. Pizzarello LD. Refractive changes in pregnancy. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 2003 Abstract
  12. Angi M, Rupolo G, de Bertolini C, Bisantis C. Personality, psychophysical stress and myopia progression. A prospective study on 57 university students. Graefes Arch Clin Exp Ophthalmol. 1993 Abstract
  13. Manges TD, Banaitis DA, Roth N, Yolton RL. Changes in optometric findings during pregnancy. Am J Optom Physiol Opt. 1987 Abstract
  14. Neri A, Grausbord R, Kremer I, Ovadia J, Treister G. The management of labor in high myopic patients. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 1985 Abstract

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e-lactancia is a resource recommended by Confederación Nacional de Pediatría (CONAPEME) from Mexico

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