Last update: Sept. 11, 2019

Hair Dyes

Low Risk for breastfeeding


Moderately safe. Probably compatible.
Mild risk possible. Follow up recommended.
Read the Comment.

Hair Dyes are widely used products by many cultures and civilizations (Gavazzoni 2015, Patel 2013, Benaiges 2007). Some of their components can be absorbed and reach the mother's plasma and the breast milk (Yin 2012).

Natural components (lower risk) are: Henna, Saffron, Chamomile and nut among others (MurciaSalud 2013). Synthetic components are: aniline and other benzene derivatives, heavy metals like lead (Benaiges 2007).

In last decade, a bulky amount of products in use have been withdrawn from the market since they were considered to be toxic for the organism (Benaiges 2007). Controversy still exist on the safety of existing products, while some authorities consider them to be safe (Gavazzoni 2015, NHS 2013, OTIS 2010, Chua 2008), some studies have found an association between its use during pregnancy and breastfeeding and certain types of leukemia or germ cell tumors in childhood (Couto 2013, Chen 2006).

It has also been found a relationship between its regular use and breast cancer (Dianatinasab 2017).

It is recommended a limited use, to follow advice appearing with the product, a shower after dye to keep clean the breast area and wearing short hair to minimize absorption of potentially toxic products.

Mothers working at hair dressing facilities should observed all preventive measures, wearing gloves, working-time restriction, etc. (MurciaSalud 2013, Chua 2008). They can be genotoxic for these workers (Galiotte 2008).

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and pharmacists, and are based on updated scientific publications.
It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

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References

  1. Dianatinasab M, Fararouei M, Mohammadianpanah M, Zare-Bandamiri M, Rezaianzadeh A. Hair Coloring, Stress, and Smoking Increase the Risk of Breast Cancer: A Case-Control Study. Clin Breast Cancer. 2017 Abstract
  2. Gavazzoni Dias MF. Hair cosmetics: an overview. Int J Trichology. 2015 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  3. Couto AC, Ferreira JD, Rosa AC, Pombo-de-Oliveira MS, Koifman S; Brazilian Collaborative Study Group of Infant Acute Leukemia. Pregnancy, maternal exposure to hair dyes and hair straightening cosmetics, and early age leukemia. Chem Biol Interact. 2013 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  4. Patel D, Narayana S, Krishnaswamy B. Trends in use of hair dye: a cross-sectional study. Int J Trichology. 2013 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  5. MurciaSalud-Preevid. ¿En el embarazo se pueden utilizar tintes para el pelo?. Banco de preguntas. 2013 Full text (in our servers)
  6. NHS Is it safe to use hair dye when I’m pregnant or breastfeeding?. Choices. 2013 Full text (in our servers)
  7. Yin J, Wang H, Zhang J, Zhou N, Gao F, Wu Y, Xiang J, Shao B. The occurrence of synthetic musks in human breast milk in Sichuan, China. Chemosphere. 2012 Abstract
  8. OTIS. Hair Treatments and Pregnancy (and Breastfeeding). 2010 Full text (in our servers)
  9. Chua-Gocheco A, Bozzo P, Einarson A. Safety of hair products during pregnancy: personal use and occupational exposure. Can Fam Physician. 2008 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  10. Galiotte MP, Kohler P, Mussi G, Gattás GJ. Assessment of occupational genotoxic risk among Brazilian hairdressers. Ann Occup Hyg. 2008 Abstract
  11. Benaiges A. Tintes de cabello. Evolución histórica y situación actual. Offarm. 2007 Full text (in our servers)
  12. Chen Z, Robison L, Giller R, Krailo M, Davis M, Davies S, Shu XO. Environmental exposure to residential pesticides, chemicals, dusts, fumes, and metals, and risk of childhood germ cell tumors. Int J Hyg Environ Health. 2006 Abstract

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