Last update Jan. 9, 2024



Safe substance and/or breastfeeding is the best option.

Water is a transparent fluid that forms the world's rivers, lakes, oceans and rain, and is the main constituent of the fluids of living organisms. It is a natural element that is used as an ingredient and vehicle in various pharmaceutical preparations. (DrugBank Online)

Nursing mothers usually drink about 1 liter per day more than usual to compensate for the extra water used to produce milk. There is no significant relationship between fluid intake and breast milk supply (Morse 1992, Dusdieker 1990 and 1985). There is insufficient evidence to support an increase in fluid intake beyond what breastfeeding mothers require to meet their physiological needs (Ndikom 2014). The best guide then, would be the thirst felt by the nursing mother.

Topical treatment of nipple cracks, trauma or inflammations with distilled water has not been shown to be more effective than other local treatments such as lanolin or breast milk itself. (Vieira 2013)

Water, for parenteral injection or in gel form for skin applications, is perfectly compatible with breastfeeding.

WHO list of essential medicines: compatible with breastfeeding. (WHO-UNICEF 2002)


We do not have alternatives for Water since it is relatively safe.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team of health professionals, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it. The pharmaceutical industry contraindicates breastfeeding, mistakenly and without scientific reasons, in most of the drug data sheets.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

Water is also known as

Water in other languages or writings:

  • H2O (Molecular formula)


Main tradenames from several countries containing Water in its composition:


Variable Value Unit
Molecular weight 18 daltons


  1. DRUGBANK ONLINE. 2006 - Consulted on Jan. 9, 2024 Full text (link to original source)
  2. Ndikom CM, Fawole B, Ilesanmi RE. Extra fluids for breastfeeding mothers for increasing milk production. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 Jun 11;(6):CD008758. Abstract Full text (link to original source)
  3. Vieira F, Bachion MM, Mota DD, Munari DB. A systematic review of the interventions for nipple trauma in breastfeeding mothers. J Nurs Scholarsh. 2013 Jun;45(2):116-25. Abstract
  4. WHO / UNICEF. BREASTFEEDING AND MATERNAL MEDICATION Recommendations for Drugs in the Eleventh WHO Model List of Essential Drugs. Department of Child and Adolescent Health and Development (WHO/UNICEF) 2002 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  5. Morse JM, Ewing G, Gamble D, Donahue P. The effect of maternal fluid intake on breast milk supply: a pilot study. Can J Public Health. 1992 May-Jun;83(3):213-6. Abstract
  6. Dusdieker LB, Stumbo PJ, Booth BM, Wilmoth RN. Prolonged maternal fluid supplementation in breast-feeding. Pediatrics. 1990 Nov;86(5):737-40. Abstract
  7. Dusdieker LB, Booth BM, Stumbo PJ, Eichenberger JM. Effect of supplemental fluids on human milk production. J Pediatr. 1985 Feb;106(2):207-11. Abstract
  8. Neuman TS, Goad RF, Hall D, Smith RM, Claybaugh JR, Hong SK. Urinary excretion of water and electrolytes during open-sea saturation diving to 850 fsw. Undersea Biomed Res. 1979 Sep;6(3):291-302. Abstract

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e-lactancia is a resource recommended by El Parto Es Nuestro of Spain

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