Last update Aug. 23, 2021

Total parenteral nutrition (TPN)


Safe substance and/or breastfeeding is the best option.

It is a feeding method administered through a route other than the digestive one. A special formula is administered intravenously that provides most of the nutrients the body needs.
It is used when a person cannot or should not be fed by mouth.

The indications for parenteral nutrition are:
- Inability to use the digestive tract after major surgery or intestinal obstruction due to a benign or malignant process
- Need for rest of the digestive tract due to digestive diseases, intolerances, severe malnutrition, trauma, chemotherapy-radiotherapy.

Parenteral nutrition is used in neonatology.

The products that are administered in parenteral nutrition are macro and micronutrients that, well balanced, cannot alter the quantity and composition of breast milk.

The possibility of breastfeeding depends more on the clinical status and underlying disease of the mother than on parenteral nutrition.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team of health professionals, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it. The pharmaceutical industry contraindicates breastfeeding, mistakenly and without scientific reasons, in most of the drug data sheets.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) is also known as

Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) in other languages or writings:


Total parenteral nutrition (TPN) belongs to these groups or families:


  1. Cober MP, Gura KM. Enteral and parenteral nutrition considerations in pediatric patients. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2019 Sep 16;76(19):1492-1510. Abstract
  2. Lappas BM, Patel D, Kumpf V, Adams DW, Seidner DL. Parenteral Nutrition: Indications, Access, and Complications. Gastroenterol Clin North Am. 2018 Mar;47(1):39-59. Abstract
  3. Gómez López L. Indicaciones de la nutrición parenteral. [Indications for parenteral nutrition]. Nutr Hosp. 2017 Jun 26;34(Suppl 3):4-8. Abstract

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