Last update June 17, 2017
Very Low Risk
A plant belonging to the Rhamnaceae family, found from southern Europe (Almansa 2016) to southern and eastern Asia.
Very rich in sugar, mucilage and vitamins - especially vitamin C - this fruit has been consumed for food since ancient times in several cultures, especially in Asia (Shad 2015, Rodriguez 2017).
Traditional Chinese, Korean and Persian medicine (Guo 2015, Zhang 2010) use fruits, leaves and bark, attributing to them numerous properties (Yeung 2012), none of which have been scientifically proven (WHO 2007: p.359-369, Tahergorabi 2015).
The juice of the fruit has been used to treat neonatal jaundice without causing significant side effects (Ebrahimimd 2011).
Since the last update we have not found published data on its excretion in breast milk.
Free of toxicity, moderate consumption during breastfeeding would have little or no risk.
Precautions when taking plant preparations:
1. Ensure that they are from a reliable source: poisoning has occurred due to confusing one plant with another with toxic properties, as well as poisoning from heavy metals extracted from the ground and food poisoning due to contamination with bacteria or fungi.
2. Do not take in large amounts; follow recommendations from professional experts in phytotherapy. "Natural" products are not always good in any quantity: plants contain active substances from which much of our traditional pharmacopoeia has been obtained and can result in poisoning or act as endocrine disruptors if taken in excessive amounts or time periods.
Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.
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