Last update May 20, 2018
Very Low Risk
Pantothenic acid, dexpanthenol or vitamin B5 is widely distributed in nature being very abundant in meat, vegetables, cereals, legumes, eggs, milk, fruit and vegetables (MedlinePlus 2015), therefore its deficiency is very rare.
The only recognized indication for administering pantothenic acid is to treat vitamin B5 deficiency. There is no evidence that it can be used to treat any other disease or condition. (MedlinePlus 2015).
Daily requirements are 2 mg in infants, 4 in children, 5 in adults, 6 in pregnant women and 7 mg in breastfeeding mothers (Ares 2015, MedlinePLus 2015).
Pantothenic acid is excreted in breast milk at a concentration of 2 to 2.7 mg/L (Sakurai 2005, Song 1984) with little variation throughout breastfeeding (Ren 2015, Johnston 1981) and is directly proportional to maternal ingestion (Song 1984, Johnston 1981).
The concentration is higher in milk of mothers of premature babies than in full-term infants (Ford 1983).
With a varied and balanced diet, supplements of this vitamin are not needed during breastfeeding, it is enough to adequately select the food in one’s diet (Song 1985).
Topical use, most commonly used as panthenol or provitamin B5, regardless of its questionable efficacy, is compatible with breastfeeding.
We do not have alternatives for Pantothenic Acid since it is relatively safe.
Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team of health professionals, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it. The pharmaceutical industry contraindicates breastfeeding, mistakenly and without scientific reasons, in most of the drug data sheets.
Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.
Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.