Last update July 1, 2021
Very Low Risk
Inflorescences and branches of tree are used. It contains flavonoids, essential oil, and tannins. Unproven effects: sedative, hypnotic, cough relief (Fitoterapia.net, WHO 2010 p393).
Indication by the Commission E of German Ministry of Health: colds and cold-related coughs (Blumenthal 1998 p163).
Indications of the European Medicines Agency (EMA 2012): antitussive, mild tranquilizer.
Since the last update we have not found any published data on its excretion in breast milk.
Linden is widely used in several cultures (Consolini 2010). Extract and infusion are used for treatment of colicky pain in infants without proven benefit.
Given the lack of toxicity at the right dose (Prescrire 2005), moderate consumption would be compatible with breastfeeding.
Precautions when taking plant preparations:
1. Make sure they are from a reliable source: poisonings have occurred due to confusion of one plant with another with toxic properties, poisonings due to containing heavy metals extracted from the soil and food poisoning due to contamination with bacteria or fungi (Anderson 2017).
2. Do not take in excess; follow the recommendations of professional experts in herbal medicine. “Natural” products are not good in any quantity: plants contain active substances from which a large part of our traditional pharmacopoeia has been obtained and can cause poisoning or act as endocrine disruptors because they contain phytoestrogens (Powers 2015) if they are consumed in an exaggerated quantity or time.
We do not have alternatives for Little-leaf Linden since it is relatively safe.
Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.
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