Last update July 1, 2021

Little-leaf Linden

Very Low Risk

Safe. Compatible. Minimal risk for breastfeeding and infant.

Inflorescences and branches of tree are used. It contains flavonoids, essential oil, and tannins. Unproven effects: sedative, hypnotic, cough relief (, WHO 2010 p393).
Indication by the Commission E of German Ministry of Health: colds and cold-related coughs (Blumenthal 1998 p163).
Indications of the European Medicines Agency (EMA 2012): antitussive, mild tranquilizer.

Since the last update we have not found any published data on its excretion in breast milk.

Linden is widely used in several cultures (Consolini 2010). Extract and infusion are used for treatment of colicky pain in infants without proven benefit.
Given the lack of toxicity at the right dose (Prescrire 2005), moderate consumption would be compatible with breastfeeding.

Precautions when taking plant preparations:
1. Make sure they are from a reliable source: poisonings have occurred due to confusion of one plant with another with toxic properties, poisonings due to containing heavy metals extracted from the soil and food poisoning due to contamination with bacteria or fungi (Anderson 2017).
2. Do not take in excess; follow the recommendations of professional experts in herbal medicine. “Natural” products are not good in any quantity: plants contain active substances from which a large part of our traditional pharmacopoeia has been obtained and can cause poisoning or act as endocrine disruptors because they contain phytoestrogens (Powers 2015) if they are consumed in an exaggerated quantity or time.


We do not have alternatives for Little-leaf Linden since it is relatively safe.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

Little-leaf Linden is also known as Lime Flower. Here it is a list of alternative known names::

Little-leaf Linden in other languages or writings:


Little-leaf Linden belongs to this group or family:


Main tradenames from several countries containing Little-leaf Linden in its composition:


  1. None Vanaclocha B, Cañigueral S. 1992- 2021. Disponible en: Abstract
  2. Anderson PO. Herbal Use During Breastfeeding. Breastfeed Med. 2017 Abstract
  3. Powers CN, Setzer WN. A molecular docking study of phytochemical estrogen mimics from dietary herbal supplements. In Silico Pharmacol. 2015 Mar 22;3:4. Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  4. EMA. Community herbal monograph on Tilia cordata Miller, Tilia platyphyllos Scop., Tilia x vulgaris Heyne or their mixtures, flos. Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC). 2012 Full text (in our servers)
  5. Consolini AE, Ragone MI. Patterns of self-medication with medicinal plants and related adverse events--a South American survey. Curr Drug Saf. 2010 Abstract
  6. WHO. World Health Organization. WHO monographs on medicinal plants commonly used in the Newly Independent States (NIS). WHO monographs. 2010 Full text (in our servers)
  7. [No authors listed] Management of insomnia: a place for traditional herbal remedies. Prescrire Int. 2005 Abstract
  8. Blumenthal M. The American Botanical Council. The Complete German Commission E Monographs: Therapeutic Guide to Herbal Medicines. Ed. Integrative Medicine Com. Boston. 1998

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