Last update Dec. 1, 2004

Efavirenz

High Risk

Poorly safe. Evaluate carefully. Use safer alternative or interrupt breastfeeding 3 to 7 T ½ (elimination half-lives). Read the Comment.

Anti-HIV drug. There is not experience on children younger than 3 years old.

Mothers must be adviced that transmission of HIV infection through breastfeeding has been documented.

Alternatives

We do not have alternatives for Efavirenz.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Group

Efavirenz belongs to this group or family:

Tradenames

Main tradenames from several countries containing Efavirenz in its composition:

  • Atripla™. Contains other elements than Efavirenz in its composition
  • Stocrin
  • Sustiva
  • Tribuss™. Contains other elements than Efavirenz in its composition
  • Trivenz™. Contains other elements than Efavirenz in its composition

Pharmacokinetics

Variable Value Unit
Molecular weight 316 daltons
Protein Binding 100 %
Tmax 5 hours
T1/2 76 hours

References

  1. Kapito-Tembo AP, Bauleni A, Wesevich A, Ongubo D, Hosseinipour MC, Dube Q, Mwale P, Corbett A, Mwapasa V, Phiri S. Growth and Neurodevelopment Outcomes in HIV-, Tenofovir-, and Efavirenz-Exposed Breastfed Infants in the PMTCT Option B+ Program in Malawi. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2021 Jan 1;86(1):81-90. Abstract
  2. Puthanakit T, Thepnarong N, Chaithongwongwatthana S, Anugulruengkitt S, Anunsittichai O, Theerawit T, Ubolyam S, Pancharoen C, Phanuphak P. Intensification of antiretroviral treatment with raltegravir for pregnant women living with HIV at high risk of vertical transmission. J Virus Erad. 2018 Apr 1;4(2):61-65. Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  3. Palombi L, Pirillo MF, Marchei E, Jere H, Sagno JB, Luhanga R, Floridia M, Andreotti M, Galluzzo CM, Pichini S, Mwenda R, Mancinelli S, Marazzi MC, Vella S, Liotta G, Giuliano M. Concentrations of tenofovir, lamivudine and efavirenz in mothers and children enrolled under the Option B-Plus approach in Malawi. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  4. WHO - World Health Organization Consolidated Guidelines on the Use of Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating and Preventing HIV Infection: Recommendations for a Public Health Approach. Guideline. 2016 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  5. CDC - Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Updated Guidelines for Antiretroviral Postexposure Prophylaxis After Sexual, Injection Drug Use, or Other Nonoccupational Exposure to HIV— United States. nPEP Guidelines Update. 2016 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  6. Pandhi D, Ailawadi P. Initiation of antiretroviral therapy. Indian J Sex Transm Dis. 2014 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  7. WHO. Guidelines on post-exposure prophylaxis for HIV and the use of co-trimoxazole prophylaxis for HIV-related infections among adults, adolescents and children: recommendations for a public health approach. Guideline. 2014 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  8. Hirnschall G, Harries AD, Easterbrook PJ, Doherty MC, Ball A. The next generation of the World Health Organization's global antiretroviral guidance. J Int AIDS Soc. 2013 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  9. Gandhi M, Mwesigwa J, Aweeka F, Plenty A, Charlebois E, Ruel TD, Huang Y, Clark T, Ades V, Natureeba P, Luwedde FA, Achan J, Kamya MR, Havlir DV, Cohan D; Prevention of Malaria and HIV disease in Tororo (PROMOTE) study.. Hair and plasma data show that lopinavir, ritonavir, and efavirenz all transfer from mother to infant in utero, but only efavirenz transfers via breastfeeding. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2013 Aug 15;63(5):578-84. Abstract
  10. Ivana K, Milan G, Blanka K, Hana B. Therapeutic monitoring of lamotrigine during delivery, in the neonatal period, and during lactation. Ther Drug Monit. 2007;29:477. Abstract 53. 2007

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