Last update July 9, 2014


Very Low Risk

Safe. Compatible. Minimal risk for breastfeeding and infant.

Diving on whatever modality (free, apnea, or autonomous with a Scuba mask) is compatible with continuation of breastfeeding.

Body tissues load of Nitrogen and other gases that can occur while diving does not affect the quality of the milk. It is unlikely a significant occurrence of Nitrogen bubbles into the milk while decompression process. On the other hand, it would not represent any risk for the child since the intestine normally contains swallowed air which is formed by 79% of Nitrogen that is a harmless inert gas.

Prolactin levels decrease transiently during diving with no risk of milk production impairment.

On obstetrical grounds is recommended to delay diving for 3 to 4 weeks after vaginal delivery and 4 to 8 weeks after C-section.

Given the high pressure generated by diving suits (Neoprene and other material) and pressure increase during immersion, it would be convenient get the breast as empty as possible prior to diving (by suckling or pumping). Consider to put a cotton pad between the nipple and the diving suit in case of excessive friction.

There are many successful documented cases of mothers who practice diving without problems except those derived from timely schedule for breastfeeding (nursing on demand), especially in early months of life and inconvenience of getting the infant far away into the sea. Under such conditions, it would be appropriate to collect enough milk to feed the baby in the meanwhile.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team of health professionals, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it. The pharmaceutical industry contraindicates breastfeeding, mistakenly and without scientific reasons, in most of the drug data sheets.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

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Diving belongs to this group or family:


  1. McLellan TM, Wright HE, Rhind SG, Cameron BA, Eaton DJ. Hyperbaric stress in divers and non-divers: neuroendocrine and psychomotor responses. Undersea Hyperb Med. 2010 Abstract
  2. HWA - Healthy Western Australia, Department of Health. More about breastfeeding. Health Pamphlet 2009 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  3. Bodéré M. La sécurité chez la femme en plongée sous-marine : Etude prospective par la détection des bulles circulantes et l’évaluation des apports nutritionnels. These. Faculté Médecine Marseille 2006 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  4. Taylor L. Women and Diving. Diving during Pregnancy Alert Diver, SEAP 2004 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  5. Lynn Taylor. Diving, Pregnancy & Breastfeeding. 2003 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  6. Anegg U, Dietmaier G, Maier A, Tomaselli F, Gabor S, Kallus KW, Smolle-Jüttner FM. Stress-induced hormonal and mood responses in scuba divers: a field study. Life Sci. 2002 Abstract
  7. Donna M. Uguccioni, M.S., DAN Associate Medical Director Dr. Richard Moon, and Dr. Maida Beth Taylor. DAN Explores Fitness and Diving Issues for Women Divers Alert Network (DAN) 1999 Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  8. Karmali RA, Weatherly CJ, Parke L, Horrobin DF. Plasma prolactin levels during a simulated dive. Br Med J. 1976 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)

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e-lactancia is a resource recommended by Asociación Española de Bancos de Leche Humana of Spain

Would you like to recommend the use of e-lactancia? Write to us at corporate mail of APILAM