Last update Nov. 7, 2014


High Risk

Poorly safe. Evaluate carefully. Use safer alternative or interrupt breastfeeding 3 to 7 T ½ (elimination half-lives). Read the Comment.

Women from industrialized societies who do not breastfeed have a transmission risk of 15 to 20% , however, on those who breastfeed it is of 30 to 35%.
In those developing countries with a high mortality rate BF is mandatory, since bottle feeding represents an actual threat to infant’s life, still more dramatic than on non-infected children.
By heating breast milk at 56ºC for 30 minutes, or, pasteurizing it (62,5ºC 30 minutes) HIV is inactivated.


We do not have alternatives for Aids.

Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM team of health professionals, and are based on updated scientific publications. It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it. The pharmaceutical industry contraindicates breastfeeding, mistakenly and without scientific reasons, in most of the drug data sheets.

Jose Maria Paricio, Founder & President of APILAM/e-Lactancia

Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.

Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.

José María Paricio, founder of e-lactancia.

Other names

Aids is also known as Maternal Aids. Here it is a list of alternative known names::


  1. Kapito-Tembo AP, Bauleni A, Wesevich A, Ongubo D, Hosseinipour MC, Dube Q, Mwale P, Corbett A, Mwapasa V, Phiri S. Growth and Neurodevelopment Outcomes in HIV-, Tenofovir-, and Efavirenz-Exposed Breastfed Infants in the PMTCT Option B+ Program in Malawi. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2021 Jan 1;86(1):81-90. Abstract
  2. Prendergast AJ, Goga AE, Waitt C, Gessain A, Taylor GP, Rollins N, Abrams EJ, Lyall EH, de Perre PV. Transmission of CMV, HTLV-1, and HIV through breastmilk. Lancet Child Adolesc Health. 2019 Apr;3(4):264-273. Abstract
  3. Puthanakit T, Thepnarong N, Chaithongwongwatthana S, Anugulruengkitt S, Anunsittichai O, Theerawit T, Ubolyam S, Pancharoen C, Phanuphak P. Intensification of antiretroviral treatment with raltegravir for pregnant women living with HIV at high risk of vertical transmission. J Virus Erad. 2018 Apr 1;4(2):61-65. Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  4. Mugwanya KK, John-Stewart G, Baeten J. Safety of oral tenofovir disoproxil fumarate-based HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis use in lactating HIV-uninfected women. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2017 Abstract
  5. Slogrove AL, Clayden P, Abrams EJ. Toward a universal antiretroviral regimen: special considerations of pregnancy and breast feeding. Curr Opin HIV AIDS. 2017 Abstract
  6. Tan DHS, Hull MW, Yoong D, Tremblay C, O'Byrne P, Thomas R, Kille J, Baril JG, Cox J, Giguere P, Harris M, Hughes C, MacPherson P, O'Donnell S, Reimer J, Singh A, Barrett L, Bogoch I, Jollimore J, Lambert G, Lebouche B, Metz G, et al. Canadian guideline on HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis and nonoccupational postexposure prophylaxis. CMAJ. 2017 Nov 27;189(47):E1448-E1458. Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  7. Lolekha R, Chokephaibulkit K, Phanuphak N, Chaithongwongwatthana S, Kiertiburanakul S, Chetchotisakd P, Boonsuk S; Thai national prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) Guidelines Working Group.. Thai national guidelines for the prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus 2017. Asian Biomed (Res Rev News). 2017 Apr;11(2):145-159. Abstract
  8. Palombi L, Pirillo MF, Marchei E, Jere H, Sagno JB, Luhanga R, Floridia M, Andreotti M, Galluzzo CM, Pichini S, Mwenda R, Mancinelli S, Marazzi MC, Vella S, Liotta G, Giuliano M. Concentrations of tenofovir, lamivudine and efavirenz in mothers and children enrolled under the Option B-Plus approach in Malawi. J Antimicrob Chemother. 2016 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  9. Mugwanya KK, Hendrix CW, Mugo NR, Marzinke M, Katabira ET, Ngure K, Semiyaga NB, John-Stewart G, Muwonge TR, Muthuri G, Stergachis A, Celum CL, Baeten JM. Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Use by Breastfeeding HIV-Uninfected Women: A Prospective Short-Term Study of Antiretroviral Excretion in Breast Milk and Infant Absorption. PLoS Med. 2016 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  10. WHO - World Health Organization Consolidated Guidelines on the Use of Antiretroviral Drugs for Treating and Preventing HIV Infection: Recommendations for a Public Health Approach. Guideline. 2016 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  11. UNICEF. Updates on HIV and Infant Feeding: The Duration of Breastfeeding, and Support from Health Services to Improve Feeding Practices Among Mothers Living with HIV. Guideline. 2016 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  12. Garcia-Loygorri MC, De Luis D, Torreblanca B, March GA, Bachiller MR, Eiros JM. La leche materna como vehículo de transmisión de virus. [Beast Milk as vehicle of transmission of virus]. Nutr Hosp. 2015 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  13. Pandhi D, Ailawadi P. Initiation of antiretroviral therapy. Indian J Sex Transm Dis. 2014 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  14. Hirnschall G, Harries AD, Easterbrook PJ, Doherty MC, Ball A. The next generation of the World Health Organization's global antiretroviral guidance. J Int AIDS Soc. 2013 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  15. Lanari M, Sogno Valin P, Natale F, Capretti MG, Serra L. Human milk, a concrete risk for infection? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2012 Abstract
  16. (Red Book). Pickering LK, Baker CJ, Kimberlin DW, Long SS, eds. Red Book: 2012 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases. 29th ed. Elk Grove Village, Red Book 2012
  17. Azkune H, Ibarguren M, Camino X, Iribarren JA. Prevención de la transmisión del VIH (vertical, ocupacional y no ocupacional). [Prevention of HIV transmission (vertical, occupational and non-occupational)]. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2011 Oct;29(8):615-25. Abstract
  18. CDC - Workowski KA, Berman S; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Sexually transmitted diseases treatment guidelines, 2010. MMWR Recomm Rep. 2010 Abstract Full text (link to original source) Full text (in our servers)
  19. Villamor E, Saathoff E, Bosch RJ, Hertzmark E, Baylin A, Manji K, Msamanga G, Hunter DJ, Fawzi WW. Vitamin supplementation of HIV-infected women improves postnatal child growth. Am J Clin Nutr. 2005 Abstract Full text (link to original source)

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