Last update: Dec. 4, 2020
Minimal risk for breastfeeding and infant.
Antiviral HIV protease inhibitor. Used and associated with lopinavir, in the treatment of HIV/AIDS.
It has been used experimentally in the treatment of the COVID-19 coronavirus (Li 2020, Lim 2020, SEFH 2020).
Oral administration in two daily doses.
Its pharmacokinetic data (moderately high molecular weight and very high percentage of protein binding) explain the negligible transfer into milk observed (Corbett 2014, Palombi 2012).
The plasma levels of infants whose mothers took it were undetectable (Corbett 2014) or very low (Gandhi 2013, Palombi 2012).
According to the policy adopted by the health authorities of each country, breastfeeding in mothers with HIV/AIDS may or may not be recommended.
With highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the HIV viral load can be reduced to zero, reducing the risk of HIV transmission through breastfeeding to levels similar to those of formula feeding.
We do not have alternatives for Ritonavir since it is relatively safe.
Suggestions made at e-lactancia are done by APILAM´s pediatricians and pharmacists, and are based on updated scientific publications.
It is not intended to replace the relationship you have with your doctor but to compound it.
Your contribution is essential for this service to continue to exist. We need the generosity of people like you who believe in the benefits of breastfeeding.
Thank you for helping to protect and promote breastfeeding.
e-lactancia is a resource recommended by Asociación Española de Bancos de Leche Humana from Spain
Would you like to recommend the use of e-lactancia? Write to us at corporate mail of APILAM